All about IBS

Some people may be embarrassed to speak about IBS because it can be a sensitive subject to speak up about however, it is important to speak about IBS so that people who has IBS knows that it is not embarrassing to speak about this.

What is IBS?

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine. IBS is a chronic condition that individuals need to manage long term, and this can be difficult because they would need to abstain from certain foods that could cause them bad symptoms. Only a small number of people with IBS have severe signs and symptoms. Some people can control their symptoms by managing diet, lifestyle and stress. More-severe symptoms can be treated with medication and counselling. IBS doesn't cause changes in bowel tissue or increase their risk of colorectal cancer.

Symptoms of IBS

The symptoms of IBS typically include:

· Cramping

· Abdominal pain

· Bloating and gas

· Constipation

· Diarrhoea

For women, they may tend to have symptoms around the time of menstruation, or they may have more symptoms during this time and some even have more symptoms during pregnancy. For men, they are the same as the symptoms in women. However, a lot fewer men report their symptoms and seek treatment.

Treatment for IBS

As this is a chronic disease, there is no treatment for IBS but there are some foods that needs modifying or eliminating such as dairy, fried foods, indigestible sugars, and beans may help to reduce different symptoms. For some people, adding spices and herbs such as ginger, peppermint, and chamomile has helped to reduce some IBS symptoms.

Some individual also use home remedies which can decrease their risk of symptoms such as:

· Participating in regular physical exercise

· Cutting back on caffeinated beverages that stimulate the intestines

· Eating smaller meals

· Minimizing stress (talk therapy may help)

· Taking probiotics (“good” bacteria normally found in the intestines) to help relieve gas and Bloating

· Avoiding deep-fried or spicy foods

Medication is only used when home remedies do not help the individual. . Drugs that are used include medications to control muscle spasms, anticonstipation drugs, tricyclic antidepressants to ease pain, and antibiotics.

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