All about dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning disability that has affected children all across the globe and also has affected their development too. By bringing awareness, people with dyslexia can understand they are not alone and do not need to face problems such as bullying.

What is dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding). Also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language. Some experts believe that between 5 and 10 percent of people have it. Others say as many as 17 percent of people show signs of reading challenges.

People with dyslexia typically have trouble reading fluently. They often read slowly and make mistakes. That can impact how well they comprehend what they read. But when other people read to them, they often have no problem understanding the text. Dyslexia can create difficulty with other skills, too. These include:

· Reading comprehension

· Spelling

· Writing

· Math

Symptoms of dyslexia

Signs of dyslexia can be difficult to recognize before the child enters school, but some early clues may indicate a problem. Once the child reaches school age, the child's teacher may be the first to notice a problem. Severity varies, but the condition often becomes apparent as a child starts learning to read. These includes:

· Late talking

· Learning new words slowly

· Problems forming words correctly, such as reversing sounds in words or confusing words that sound alike

· Problems remembering or naming letters, numbers, and colours

· Difficulty learning nursery rhymes or playing rhyming games

· Reading well below the expected level for age

· Problem’s processing and understanding what he or she hears

· Difficulty finding the right word or forming answers to questions

· Problems remembering the sequence of things

· Difficulty seeing (and occasionally hearing) similarities and differences in letters and words

· Inability to sound out the pronunciation of an unfamiliar word

· Difficulty spelling

· Spending an unusually long-time completing tasks that involve reading or writing

· Avoiding activities that involve reading

· Difficulty reading, including reading aloud

· Slow and labor-intensive reading and writing

· Problems spelling

· Avoiding activities that involve reading

· Mispronouncing names or words, or problems retrieving words

· Trouble understanding jokes or expressions that have a meaning not easily understood from the specific words (idioms), such as "piece of cake" meaning "easy"

· Spending an unusually long time completing tasks that involve reading or writing

· Difficulty summarizing a story

· Trouble learning a foreign language

· Difficulty memorizing

· Difficulty doing math problems

Treatments for dyslexia

There is no cure for dyslexia as it is a disability that affects an individual learning skill, but there are ways that dyslexia can be managed such as:

· Occasional 1-to-1 teaching or lessons in a small group with a specialist teacher

· phonics (a special learning technique that focuses on improving the ability to identify and process the smaller sounds that makeup words)

· Technology like computers and speech recognition software that may make it easier for your child to read and write when they're a bit older

· Universities also have specialist staff who can support young people with dyslexia in higher education.

· Employers are required to make reasonable adjustments to the workplace to help people with dyslexia, such as allowing extra time for certain tasks.

· Support groups – for those individuals who runs workshops and help to provide local support and access to information.

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