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All about diabetes

Diabetes is a medical condition which is most common within people. However, there is always a misconception about the different types of diabetes there is and unknowingly blames certain people for having diabetes if they are overweight, eats too much or does little exercise. But what most people do not know is that this disease can be genetics as well and does not need lifestyle choice to influence the severity of their diabetes diagnosis.


Here, we will break down the two different types of diabetes, and which ones is influenced by genetics, or which one is influenced by having a bad lifestyle. The two types are called: Type 1 and Type 2:


Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is a CHRONIC DISEASE in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. Usually, the body's own immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses — mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet, or islets of Langerhans) cells in the pancreas. Other possible causes include: Genetic factors and exposure to viruses and other environmental factors.


Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:

· Increased thirst

· Frequent urination

· Bed-wetting in children who previously didn't wet the bed during the night

· Extreme hunger

· Unintended weight loss

· Irritability and other mood changes

· Fatigue and weakness

· Blurred vision


Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is an IMPAIRMENT in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems. In type 2 diabetes, there are primarily two interrelated problems at work. Your pancreas does not produce enough insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — and cells respond poorly to insulin and take in less sugar.


Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:

· Increased thirst

· Frequent urination

· Increased hunger

· Unintended weight loss

· Fatigue

· Blurred vision

· Slow-healing sores

· Frequent infections

· Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet

· Areas of darkened skin, usually in the armpits and neck

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